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AI Applications


IBM Watson



Watson is an artificially intelligent computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, developed in IBM's Deep QA project by a research team.

The computer system was specially developed to answer questions on the quiz show Jeopardy.

In 2011, Watson competed on Jeopardy against former winners Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings.
Watson received the first prize of$1millions.

Vision 

- OCR, handwriting recognition
- Face detection/recognition:many
 consumer cameras, Apple iphoto
- Visual search: Google Goggles
- Vehicle safety systems: Mobileye

Google self-driving cars :-

Natural Language

- Speech technologies
    Google voice search
    Apple Siri

- Machine translation
     translate.google.com
     Comparison of several translation systems

Math , games

- In 1996, a computer program written by researchers  at Argonne National Laboratory proved a mathematical supposition unsolved for decades.
  NY Times story: The Computers have found proofs of mathematical conjectures.
  "[The proof] would have been called creative if a human had thought of it"
- IBM's Deep Blue defeated the world chess champion Garry Kasparov in 1997
   1996: Kasparov Beats Deep Blue
     " I could feel - I could smell-a new kind of intelligence across the table."
   1997: Deep Blue Beats Kasparov
     "Deep Blue hasn't proven anything."
- In2007, checkers was "solved"
     he game of checkers has roughly 500 billion possible positions (5⤫10^20).
     Science article

Logistics, scheduling, planning

 - During the 1991 Gulf War, US forces deployed an AI logistics planning and scheduling program that involved up to 50,000 vehicles, cargo, and people
- NASA's Remote Agent software operated the Deep Space 1 spacecraft during two experiments in May 1999
- In 2004,NASA introduced the MAPGEN system to plan the daily operations for the Mars Exploration Rovers

Information agents
- Search engines
- Recommendation systems
- Spam filtering
- Automated helpdesks
- Fraud detection
- Automated trading
- Medical diagnosis   

Robotics

- Mars rovers
- Autonomous vehicles
      DARPA Grand Challenge
      Google self-driving cars
- Autonomous helicopters
- Robot soccer
      RoboCup
- Personal robotics
      Humanoid robots
      Robotic pets
      Personal assistants?

ASIMO

- ASIMO, an acronym for Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility,
- Isa humanoid robot designed and developed by Honda.
- Introduced on 21 October 2000, ASIMO was designed to be a multi-functional mobile assistant. With aspirations of helping those who lack full mobility.

RoboCup

- RoboCup is an international robotics competition founded in 1997.
- The aim is to promote robotics and AI research, by offering a publicly appealing, but formidable challenge.
- The name RoboCup is a contraction of the competition's full name, "Robot Soccer World Cup".



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