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Interoperability in IoT

Current Challenges in IoT

Large Scale of Co-Operation :
  • The cooperation and coordination of millions of distributed devices are required on Internet
Global Heterogeneity :
  • Heterogeneous IoT devices and their subnets
Unknown IoT Device Configuration :
  • The difference configuration modes for IoT devices which come from unknown owners.
Semantic Conflicts :
  • Different processing logic's applied to same IoT networked devices or applications.
What is Interoperability ?

Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, present or future, in either implementation or access, without any restrictions.
  • Communicate meaning fully
  • Exchange data or services

Why Interoperability is Important in Context of IoT ?

To fulfill the IoT objectives
  • Physical objects can interact with any other physical objects and can share their information
  • Any devices can communicate with other devices anytime from anywhere
  • Machine to Machine communication (M2M) , Device to Device Communication (D2D), Device to Machine Communication (D2M)
  • Seamless device integration with IoT network
Why Interoperability is required ?

  • Different wireless communication protocols such as ZigBee(IEEE 802.15.4), Bluetooth (IEEE 802.15.1), GPRS, 6LowPAN, and Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.11)
  • Different wired communication protocols like Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) and Higher Layer LAN Protocols (IEEE 802.1)
  • Different programming language used in computing systems and website such as JavaScript, JAVA, C, C++,Visual Basic, PHP, and Python
  • Different hardware platforms such as Crossbow, NI, etc.

Different Types of Interoperability ?

User Interoperability
  • Interoperability problem between a user and a device
Device Interoperability
  • Interoperability problem between two different devices

Example of Device and User Interoperability
  • Using IoT, both A and B provide a real-time security service
  • A is placed at delhi, India, while B is placed at Tokyo, Japan
  • A,B, U use Hindi, Japanese, and English language , respectively
  • User U wants real-time service of CCTV camera from the device A and B

User Interoperability

The following problems need to be solved
  • Device identification and categorization for discovery
  • Syntactic interoperability for device interaction
  • Semantic interoperability for device interaction

Syntactic Interoperability for Device Interaction
  • The interoperability between devices and device user in term of message formats
  • The message format from a device to a user is understandable for the user's computer
  • On the other hand, the message format from the user to the device is executable by the device

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