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Ledger in Block Chain

A ledger is a kind of database where confirmed transactions are recorded

Centralised Database
  • Bob is purchasing a product from Alice's shop. He is making an online transaction. The Bank subtract $4.00 from Bob's bank account and add $4.00 to Alice's account . The Bank records these transaction in a centralised database also known as a ledger.
  • Only the Bank (trusted third party) has access to this ledger.


Distributed Ledger
  • Blockchain platforms don't use a centralised database instead each node has a copy of the ledger.

  • Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin only stores balance information in the distributed ledger.
  • Blockchain platforms such as Ethereum can store any kind of information, such as identity information, patient information, real estate information, etc., in the distributed ledger.
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Public ledger / Permissionless Ledger
  • When there is no central managing access to the ledger, this ledger, this ledger is called a public ledger or a permissionless ledger.



Private Ledger / Permissioned Ledger
  • When there is a central authority managing access to the ledger , this ledger is called a private ledger or a permissioned ledger.


Additional Information
  • Bitcoin and Ethereum nodes have copies of the ledger, but the ledger should be correctly depicted this way:
  • In the next post i will explain why this ledger should look like this.

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